Climate Modification and Volcanoes

Climate modification is a multi-faceted and complex subject. In this article, we take a look at the relationship between climate modification and volcanoes.

Climate Modification and Volcanoes

The climate modification debate is a nasty one. Parties pick their positions, dig in and refuse to listen to the rants of the other side. Lost in the yelling is the simple fact that climate modification is a natural phenomenon to some extent. For proof, we need merely look at the materials kicked out by volcanoes.

It is an undeniable fact of the earth record that volcanoes have changed the climate during certain periods. Small explosions don’t have much impact, but large explosions send massive amounts of material and gases into the atmosphere. The gases include carbon dioxide, the ultimate bugaboo greenhouse gas. Beyond these gases, however, volcanoes can kick out so much debris and ash that the material in the atmosphere can actually block out the sun or reduce the warming effect.

Mount St. Helens is the most studied and well known recent eruption. Unless you have been meditating in a cave for the last 20 years, you know that the volcano exploded on May 18, 1980. The eruption was powerful enough to flatten everything for 17 miles, immediately turning 10 million trees into so much firewood. The huge volcanic ash cloud stretched halfway across the United States, but barely had an impact on global temperatures.

In contrast, the eruption of the El Chichon volcano in 1982 had a measurable climate impact. El Chichon is located in Mexico and was a much smaller eruption than Mount St. Helens. Still, the average temperature around the globe cooled by one degree. What scientist learned is the climate modification impact of volcanoes is highly dependent on the type of explosion. The materials from Mount St. Helens fell out of the atmosphere quickly, while El Chichon belched enormous amounts of sulfur that remained in the atmosphere for much longer.

One of the problems with climate modification is it occurs over a relatively long period of time. Since we started paying attention to the situation, we have not had a chance to see the impact of a major eruption. The stuff we see on television is really small potatoes compared to historically eruptions of note. For example, Mount St. Helens threw roughly a half a cubic mile of material into the air. In 1815, a volcano in Indonesia belched 24 cubic miles of material into the atmosphere. Obviously, one has to imagine it impacted the climate of the earth.

Is there a relationship between climate modification and volcanoes? Undoubtedly. From what we see, however, the relationship is generally of a short duration and not an explanation for the rising temperatures we are seeing currently.

Rick Chapo is with SolarCompanies.com, a directory of solar energy companies. Visit us to read more articles on solar power and global warming and volcanoes.

NJ Bankruptcy Attorneys and Loan Modification Lawyers Help Those in Financial Distress

In these tough economic times, nearly anyone could fall into financial hardship. Regardless of the circumstances surrounding a person’s situation, financial obligations do not let up. Very easily, a person can feel too far behind to ever catch up.

Whether medical problems, extended unemployment, or other unforeseen circumstances are the cause of financial distress, loan modification lawyers can help. Loan modification lawyers can work with creditors to renegotiate the terms of a loan.

While loan modification lawyers in NJ may work in the same practice as bankruptcy attorneys, but generally have a different emphasis. Normally, loan modification lawyers seek to prevent bankruptcy or foreclosure.

Loan modification lawyers know that creditors, especially the holder of a home mortgage, want to avoid the bankruptcy and foreclosure process. If a NJ bank has to foreclose on a property and work with bankruptcy lawyers, they will lose a lot of money.

NJ bankruptcy lawyers and NJ bankruptcy attorneys know that the foreclosure process itself is very expensive, so most banks would like to avoid it if at all possible. Loan modification lawyers help take advantage of this fact to negotiate loan conditions that allow the client to meet payments.

Loan modification lawyers can help a client ask for smaller payments spread over a longer time, or for a lower interest rate. Taking this step can keep a client and family in their home, and can be a responsible step to take at the earlier stages of financial distress.

NJ bankruptcy attorneys can help clients if loan modification offers are rejected or were not sufficient to alleviate financial distress. If a person simply cannot meet his or her financial obligations, NJ bankruptcy attorneys can serve as guides through the bankruptcy process.

Like the loan modification experts, NJ bankruptcy attorneys can work to keep families in their homes. NJ bankruptcy lawyers, however, must work within the court system to meet this goal. Once in court, a judge must approve the NJ bankruptcy lawyer’s plan to pay debtors.

NJ bankruptcy lawyers can ask for different arrangements, depending on circumstances. They can request that payments be adjusted, or that debt be absolved with the sale of the property.

Unfortunately, without NJ bankruptcy attorneys or NJ bankruptcy lawyers, the process can be very complicated. NJ bankruptcy lawyers specialize in this legal area, and can simplify and explain all options and proceedings. Clients also appreciate NJ bankruptcy attorneys’ assistance with completing and submitting paperwork.

About Us:

At the Law Offices of Kasuri & Levy, LLC, we have over 45 years of experience. Our loan modification lawyers have an outstanding reputation, and are known for handling complex matters with a comforting and personalized touch. We focus on providing quality service to each client, rather than handling client matters with quantity in mind. Learn more at www.kasuriandlevy.com.

It Is Now Easier To Get A Wachovia Loan Modification

Frustrated borrowers stuck with the risky and unaffordable Pay Option ARM loans may be getting a break on their applications for a Wachovia loan modification. The recent final approval for the purchase of Wachovia by Wells Fargo Bank may open the door for a more aggressive loan modification program for homeowners facing default on their mortgage loans. Prior to the announcement of the purchase, Wachovia had implemented a beneficial loan workout program that offered their clients a low, step rate loan modification to help them avoid foreclosure and stay in their homes.

However, during the finalization of the Wells Fargo take over, borrowers experienced an extremely uncooperative response when applying for a Wachovia loan modification. The previous program was discontinued, and borrowers were routinely told that Wachovia was not offering any type of loan modification program to needy borrowers. The most a homeowner could hope for was a payment deferral or repayment plan. These two options are short term solutions at best, and not beneficial to the majority of borrowers as a long term solution.

Now that shareholders have given the final approval for the buy out, predictions are that a more aggressive Wachovia loan modification program will be implemented to quickly resolve the high default rate on Pay Option ARM loans written for the majority of Wachovia customers. Wells Fargo $12.7 billion acquisition faces immediate stress as home foreclosures keep rising and unemployment forecasts paint a dim, and lengthy recession threat.

Wells Fargo now owns $482.4 billion dollars in a loan portfolio that will produce $60 billion in losses over the next three years, and about 60% of that will come from the Pay Option Arm mortgages. That is a big incentive to find a cost effective, far reaching and streamlined Wachovia loan modification program to help the lender get those bad loans off their books. Homeowners who have been facing a brick wall may now find that they will have the opportunity to obtain a loan workout to avoid foreclosure and stay in their home.

Borrowers trying to get a Wachovia loan modification will have to be patient and persistent for now. There is no time line in place yet, however homeowners who are actively pursuing a loan workout with Wachovia should stay the course and work within the current system so that they will be in position to move forward as soon as any new program is implemented. Wells Fargo will have to make some tough decisions on how to best write down these loans, but borrowers could see a real benefit as the lender moves forward to clean up the mess they inherited.

Pit Bike Modification

These bikes have some very restrictive parts fitted when standard and therefore the first move is to try to remove these parts for better ones. The carburettors and air filters on these bikes mean that fuel and air supply to the engine are limited and therefore the ride will not be as smooth or as powerful because of this.

The first thing to do then is to buy a new race carb, these can be purchased off some websites for around 40-50, this is quite cheap considering the gain in performance it could achieve. After this has been fitted it is a good idea to derestrict the airflow with a free flow air filter (K&N style). This will add extra horsepower to your pit bike and give a great performance boost.

The next part which I would change would be the exhaust and manifold, which are again very restrictive to the engines of these bikes. A performance exhaust can be found on some sites for around 50 but can also retail at a few hundred pounds so be sure to shop around first.

Once these modifications have been made there will be a great power difference increasing low and mid range power as well as top end.

However there is still more to do in order to get the most out of your pit bike, in pit bikes the CDI unit is often restricted. The limiter on these are usually set around 8,500 rpm which means you will not be getting the most out of your bike if this is left standard.

A performance CDI unit can be purchased for these bikes which will mean that these bikes can now rev freely up to about 10,000 rpm which will mean smoother power curves and better acceleration and top end.

Adjustments can be made to the gearing of these bikes as well, in order for you to adjust this depending on the style of track you will be riding on. The best thing to do to change the gearing of the bike is to experiment with the set up of the sprockets. Standard sprockets are usually 14 tooth on the front, with a 37-40 tooth sprocket on the back.

Changing the front sprocket with a larger one will result in better top end, and a smaller rear sprocket will have the same effect, however acceleration will be lost when top end is gained and vice versa.

For more information on modifying pit bikes, or for details of parts for sale which will increase the power of your pit bike then visit www.minimotosgo.com and take a look for yourself.

Loan Modification Alert Countrywide tightens Loan Modification

Home Loan Modification allows defaulting borrowers to work out new terms with Countrywide, so that they can avoid foreclosure and stay on track. Countrywide began offering the service through their Home Retention Department at the height of last year’s real estate bubble. However, due to the volume of requests coming in, many cases were delayed and resulted in foreclosure. The company hit an all-time low in 2008 and was recently bought out by the Bank of America.

In line with the change, the Loan Modification Department of the Law Offices of Marc R. Tow is also taking measures to protect its clients. The firm, one of the leading loan modification services in the country, will only negotiate modifications with Countrywide for clients with viable cases and those who are in serious financial trouble. Changes are also expected in national Loan Modification policies. While loan modification is still open to borrowers not in default, new laws may soon limit the service only to those in bankruptcy or serious delinquency. This will allow lenders and loan modification companies to focus their attention to clients who are most in need. The firm will continue to help clients with loans serviced by other companies. Besides loan modification, the Law Offices of Marc R. Tow also offers assistance with loss mitigation alternatives such as short sales.”>Homeowners hoping to get a loan modification with Countrywide may want to rethink their options. Countrywide Financial, best known for excessive lending practices that led to widespread defaults, now has so much bad debt on its books that it may have to tighten up its loan modification service.

Home Loan Modification allows defaulting borrowers to work out new terms with Countrywide, so that they can avoid foreclosure and stay on track. Countrywide began offering the service through their Home Retention Department at the height of last year’s real estate bubble. However, due to the volume of requests coming in, many cases were delayed and resulted in foreclosure. The company hit an all-time low in 2008 and was recently bought out by the Bank of America.

In line with the change, the Loan Modification Department of the Law Offices of Marc R. Tow is also taking measures to protect its clients. The firm, one of the leading loan modification services in the country, will only negotiate modifications with Countrywide for clients with viable cases and those who are in serious financial trouble. Changes are also expected in national Loan Modification policies. While loan modification is still open to borrowers not in default, new laws may soon limit the service only to those in bankruptcy or serious delinquency. This will allow lenders and loan modification companies to focus their attention to clients who are most in need. The firm will continue to help clients with loans serviced by other companies. Besides loan modification, the Law Offices of Marc R. Tow also offers assistance with loss mitigation alternatives such as short sales.

Loan Modification Process – A Waiting Game

Loan modification option is chosen by a homeowner only when he is overstressed by the non-repayment of his home loan and frustrated from the frequent reminder calls of his lender. This leads to a fear about the uncertain future and the threat of foreclosure. All these things work together and people apply for a loan modification process as the last and only hope. This in fact was the previous thinking but today with the efforts of the present government, mortgage modification process has been simplified and made feasible for every citizen of America.

Today loan modification can solve all issues regarding late payments of the home loan or the danger of foreclosure and restructure your loan into payments that you can easily afford and this will actually put you back to life. You need to stay positive and look into this loan modification matter in a different way because now this is your right and there is nothing like mercy sort of thing involved here. You need to hold your head up and keep the optimistic result in mind because the whole process will take some time and you will have to work patiently throughout the entire process.

Applying for a loan modification process is a systematic procedure and you need to find out the requirements of your lender first. This will help you plan further and collect the documents and arrange them according to the sequence of requirement. The documents should be supportive to the declarations and statements that you make while filling up the application form. You are also required to fill the form properly and in fact you should double-check it very carefully before submitting it so that not a single point is missing or left out. There have been many rejections only because the application form was not duly filled.

Then there is hardship letter that needs to be written in which you have to give in details of your hardship that can be your job loss, illness, divorce, being overstressed due to loan repayments or any other one. The hardship letter has a big role to play in the approval of the loan modification as many lenders have made it the decisive criteria for this program. So you should write an impressive and motivating hardship letter that has the capability to earn the lender’s sympathy and make him feel that you are the most eligible candidate for loan modification program.

One Sure Way To Find A Reliable Loan Modification,

Eventually you may need to pick a loan modification specialist. This can be very difficult if you don’t know what to do. One way to find a specialist is to do a little investigating, ask a few friends for advice, or consult some professionals who work in this area. Here are some guidelines.

One sure way to find a reliable loan modification specialist or modification firm is to ask people who have used the services of such professionals in the past. Personal recommendations might not give you many names. You may need to explore other avenues of finding help. There are other means of finding a loan modification specialist. Ask your local real estate broker. Due to the very nature of their business, they will know lawyers who have had experience with the procedures involved in foreclosure, financial disasters, and loan modifications.

A simple call to your local state bar association can assist you in finding a lawyer who has experience dealing with situations similar to your own. You might not be comfortable letting your lending institution know how difficult things are for you. However, a talk with the bank manager about your situation may also result in a recommendation.

A foreclosure attorney is another source of finding a loan modification specialist. Due to the nature of their business, these lawyers have dealt with loan modifications while representing their clients. They might be reluctant to offer a name, but you won’t know until you ask.

After you have done the research and found some possible loan modification specialists, narrow your list to three choices. Call the attorney or firm and ask if they would be willing to negotiate a loan modification on your behalf. Don’t jump right in to the process and start giving out personal information right away; take some time to get to know who you are hiring. Even then, never give out your mortgage ID number, driver’s license number, social security number or credit card numbers over the telephone

Avoid Loan Modification Scams with Legal Help

When financial difficulties make you unable to pay your mortgage, you are sure to be looking for a solution to stop losing your home in a foreclosure. In such times, you become susceptible to fraudulent individuals and organizations claiming to save your property through different methods. What you need is a real estate lawyer for help.

When you face such a problem, the reasons may be numerous – a sudden employment loss, death in the family, or any such others. The additional financial burden of mortgage just adds to your difficulties. Here are a few dos and don’ts that could help at such a time.

Do stay away from individuals and organizations that -guarantee’ no foreclosure. There is no such guarantee available. If someone claims to offer you this, in all probability you are walking into a trap.

Do not pay any upfront fees to anyone. If someone calls you or contacts you and asks for a -fee’ to stop your foreclosure, be very wary. No legal professional practicing in Illinois would do this; neither would they ask you to pay without doing anything.

Do keep in touch with your lender or lending institute. Communication with your lender/lending institute is important. Make sure you have a single point of contact. You could also ask your lawyer for guidance in this regard.

Do enquire regarding the programs available. You can contact your lender/lending institute directly to ask if there are any programs for homeowners who cannot pay up. You could also ask your Chicago real estate lawyer about federal and state programs.

Do not sign any document without proper understanding of what it contains. Whether it looks like a legal document or is a deed to transfer the title to your property, never sign anything without consulting a legal practitioner.

Do make a financial plan and keep essential documents ready. If you have no idea about your income and expenditure, you would never be able to work out a loan modification plan. Talk to your lawyer about creating the right plan suitable for you.

Do get help but from the right professionals. You sure need help to deal with this situation, but not from fraudsters. Opt for lawyers specializing in real estate and financial planning to handle this task properly. Check their qualification, certification and experience before you ask them for help.

Awareness is the key to avoiding loan modification frauds. Examine and analyze the resources before you start using them. This way it is possible to avoid shady means and methods for preventing foreclosure.

If you are searching for an Atlanta based criminal lawyer, or divorce lawyer, or the lawyer practicing personal injury, tax, civil rights etc., Atlanta Lawyer is one of the authentic lawyer resource that can show you the way.

Writing An Effective Hardship Letter To Avail Loan Modification

A hardship letter is the most important piece of document required to apply for loan modification. Its substance and validity will make or break an attempt for a loan workout. This is a letter basically contains an explanation why there is a difficulty of settling mortgage amortization. It is only fitting to compose this letter carefully.

When writing a hardship letter, its important to remember to keep it short, concise but not arrogant. A one to two pages maximum letter is strongly advised. Take note that a lender does not have the luxury of time to read a novel-like hardship letter. This letter serves as outline of ones difficulty to pay for periodic amortization, so it should be direct.

Like any letter, begin with a proper salutation, use font type and size reasonably easier to read. Letter size or 8.5 by 11 inches will be the papers size; otherwise an A4 sized paper can be used.

Bear also in mind that there is a clear definition of the term “hardship” for availing loan modification. Such hardship should fall under listed by mortgage lenders. Such as bankruptcy of business, immediate relocation, or divorce from a spouse who is the co-borrower. There are still more to this, to be sure homeowners should check with their lender.

In the actual writing, the first sentence should tell why such letter is written. This may include the explanation that after all possible ways were exhausted theres still failure to meet with mortgage payments. Much of this should be in the first paragraph of the letter.

The second paragraph should describe the events that affected failure to make regular payments. This description should be done tastefully without being overly dramatic. Overly thought out explanation might appear deliberate and fake. Additional paragraph might be added to explain the intent for loan modification pursuant to financial difficulty.

It is also wise to give approximate, if not exact, duration of the hardship period. This will be the basis for the mortgage lenders to get a head start with its response for loan modification. The last paragraph should emphasize the desire to settle the loan, but asking for leeway, for the time being.

Then end the letter with parting words hoping for a loan modification, which will be favorable to both parties. It is also wise to mention about attachments to the hardship letter, which are proofs of financial difficulty claim.

Mortgage Modification Companies – Are They Legit

Facing possible foreclosure is indeed a highly stressful situation for any homeowner; this is your home, your security, your future! Deciding to go it alone or have a mortgage modification company assist you can be very confusing and only adds to your stress! Which is best for you? Are there mortgage modification companies out there that are legitimate?

Let’s first look at going through the process on your own. Depending upon your lender there are many requirements that must be met to qualify for a mortgage modification. There are a lot of forms and crucial information that must be presented correctly and accurately if you hope to qualify. You can do the research required; you can contact your lender yourself as millions have and had very successful outcomes! The key here is to do your homework! Make sure you know exactly what your lender requires! Leaving out even one form or one piece of vital information could be the determining factor in qualifying and getting approved! If you are comfortable doing the research and filling out the forms and in dealing directly with your lender than you can certainly do this on your own!

If you don’t feel quite as confident and want help, it is available! There are legitimate mortgage modification companies that will walk you through the process and deal with your lender so you don’t have to. You do need to do some homework before choosing someone to assist you! There are some scams out there to be wary of! Mortgage modification companies will charge a fee that can be thousands of dollars. For many homeowners it is worth paying that fee for the security of knowing the company is dealing with the lender to get you the best possible modification loan. The choice is truly up to you! Make sure to investigate the mortgage modification companies prior to choosing one to work on your behalf.

You can also hire an attorney to help you with the loan modification process. Usually an attorney will charge more than the mortgage modification companies will because an attorney is on retainer. Keep in mind that you do not need an attorney for this process, again that is up to you!