Do Your Research
You can find a great deal of information in the stock tables of your local newspaper, or your favorite financial industry publication. Those stock tables contain a wealth of information you can use to gauge the volatility of a stock market investment. Turn to the stock table in your favorite financial publication. Locate the 52-week high and low for each stock you plan to invest in.
Compare the 52-week high for the stock to the 52-week low. The difference between the 52-week high and the low is a good indicator of how volatile the stock has been over the last year, and how volatile it is likely to be in the future.
Contact the Company
Contact the investor relations department at each company and request a copy of the annual report. Some companies publish these reports online, so you might be able to find past annual reports on the company’s website. If not, check the website and find the contact information for the investor relations department.
Review the price history of the stock as shown in the annual report. A wide spread between the annual highs and lows for the stock is an indication of a highly volatile stock. A company whose share price has been more consistent has shown far less volatility.
Practice on Paper
Create a paper portfolio and track your stocks over a period of several months. List each stock on a separate line and list the daily or weekly price in each column. Tracking the stock price over time will give you a good indication of how volatile the stock is.
While nothing can totally eliminate the inherent volatility of investing in the stock market, there are a number of strategies you can use to reduce the risks of the stock market and increase your odds of finding a winning investment.
Market volatility is a fact of life when it comes to stock market investing. Stock prices fluctuate daily. Markets ebb and flow over time in line with the economy and business cycle. But when it comes to current stock market volatility, Wall Street has been unpredictable with triple-digit swings in the Dow and media hype-driven trading.
In times of extreme market volatility, whats an investor to do? Sure, it makes sense to turn to a trusted financial advisor for advice to get a handle on whats going on with the current stock market situation. But everyone has an opinion, and there is rarely consensus. With insider information and dissected financial media reports, some may be thinking its the beginning of the end while others see it as a bump in the rocky road.
You probably shouldnt rely on the financial media who do a great disservice to us investors by encouraging panic and fear. So-called experts on primetime TV who foresee doom and gloom or rapid recovery dont own or use crystal balls. They really have no better idea of future market conditions than you do. The truth is, nobody really knows. And if they claim to, theyre probably just pretending. Past events cannot dictate the future of the market. A solid financial planner will tell you that stock prices dont follow a pattern. There are no codes to break no trends to analyze. Just watch the stock market activity for a couple days. Youll see that what happened yesterday wont necessarily affect tomorrows stock prices.
So, whats best? Pulling the cord and jumping? Sticking it out and hoping for the best? Some believe that investors who scrutinize the financial news and make investment decisions based on predictions often end up losing money. They believe that those who stay the course and ignore market volatility reap the returns of the capital markets. Others are tired of being told they should just buy and hold, so they panic and sell.
The traditional advice financial advisors give in a market such as this would be to hold tight and don’t give into panic. It is easy to be pulled away from a strong long-term strategy when markets are under pressure. The numbers would suggest that it is important to stick with your long term strategy and remain mindful of getting caught up in the emotional drive of the stock market. Opportune selling times rarely surface during periods of elevated emotions.
Reading the recent business headlines, confidence surveys and economic strategy reports regarding the market volatility in Greece and the US, it is apparent that we are all concerned about things continuing to head downhill. This market volatility, including the insolvency issues in Greece and high unemployment rates in the US, will continue as governments reluctantly accept this outcome and in the aftermath global economic growth (and consequently investment returns) will remain below average for years to come. However, there are still some positive areas to be encouraged by, amongst the long list of worrisome points.
1. Share valuations are reasonable. The price-to-earnings ratios in New Zealand, Australia and the US indicate good value for investors. The NZ market is currently trading at an average PE ratio of 13.5 (slightly less than its long-term average of 13.7) and the AU market is at 11.7 (some way below its long-term average of 14.3). The US market PE is currently 12.2, not quite as cheap as the lows reached in the financial crisis, but also much lower than the highs of over 16 that were reached in 2007.
2. Dividend Yields Above Long-Term Average Dividend yields are (in a lot of cases) higher than those available in term deposits and fixed interest may provide some share price support as income-seeking investors have limited choice. NZ Shares & Property Trusts generating an annual dividend yield of 7% AU Shares yielding around 5% are achievable US Share yield on 10yr treasury bonds being outpaced by share markets average dividend yield (rare occurrence).
3. Interest Rates Likely To Remain Low For some time Official Cash Rate expectations have taken a turn from the expectation that they would be raised by 0.5%, with local interest rates on hold for now and any move in the AU rates likely to be down rather than up. The vast majority of us are sitting on floating mortgage rates keeping costs low for borrowers, assisting consumer and business sentiment and also helping yield the gap between shares and other forms of investment.
4. Oil Prices Have Fallen From Their High Oil is a key component for most sectors of industry, and oil prices have a large impact on consumer confidence. The West Texas oil is 25% lower than its May high and Brent crude is 12% off its highs.
5. Corporate balance sheets are much stronger than they were in 2008. The corporate world is on a much more secure footing than it has been in the past. Average debt levels in Australia are now at 27% (compared with the long term average of 50%). Corporate debt levels in New Zealand and the US have fallen by a similar amount.